Marijuana is the most commonly used drug throughout the world. The main active chemical in marijuana is called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana is normally smoked as a joint, in a pipe, in a bong, can be rolled in tobacco leaves or in emptied out cigars. Marijuana can also be mixed in baked goods and other foods, and also brewed in tea. Marijuana has a very pungent and distinct smelling odor, sometimes very sweet and sour. A more concentrated form of marijuana is called hash oil; it is a black tar-like substance, and can be placed on cigarette paper and rolled with tobacco.
Marijuana is the most widely used drug in all of Canada. It was reported in a survey that ten million Canadians have said to have used marijuana at least once in their lives. And a big 14% of all Canada has said to have used marijuana in 2004. Canadians between the age of 18 and 24 years old were surveyed in 2004, and 70 percent of them reported using pot. Over 600,000 people have a criminal record because of marijuana, either through selling or using throughout Canada’s history. In Ottawa, it was said that 370 kilograms of pot were produced locally. Overall, marijuana is the most widely present drug in Canada, even though the attention is not often put on it. This is why we need more and more people to attend drug rehab to get over their addiction so that it doesn’t continue spreading.
Marijuana is achieved by processing the cannabis plant, but more often than not, the drug abusers will use the natural cannabis form. Many people get a hold of cannabis or pot though their friends or dealers. But some people even cultivate the cannabis plant in their own home. That is illegal per the Canadian laws. There is also the resinous form, which is also called hashish which some people use and abuse.
The effects of marijuana consumption are not as pronounced as some other drugs. But nonetheless, some symptoms can be observed of people on marijuana high. First, their perceptions can be affected by the drug. But you can also see that their heart rate will increase, their blood pressure will also be abnormally low. Of course, it is often very noticeable that their coordination will be a bit off and also their concentration powers will be diminished.
When a person decides to stop using marijuana, certain effects can occur. Of course, those symptoms are not necessarily as hard on the person as some of the other, stronger drugs. But nonetheless, it can get hard on the addict. Loss of appetite, loss of sleep can be hard on a person’s body. There might also be headaches, anxiety, paranoia and irritability and even aggression that can show up. Withdrawal lasts a long period of time and so there is a greater risk of the people going back to it. That is why some people prefer going through that with the help of professionals in a drug rehab center because they feel safer.
WHAT IS MARIJUANA?
Marijuana is a drug that is very popular for recreational use and about ten percent of the people using that drug will develop an addiction for it. Although marijuana is not one of the most addictive drugs, it is still very hard for a marijuana addict to quit the drug. They like their lifestyle and so their marijuana addiction is pretty strong.
Marijuana Street name: Hash, Blow, Ganja, Draw, Dope and Grass
Marijuana Effects: In small quantities, users find cannabis both relaxing and stimulating. The senses are enhanced, as well as the appetite. In larger quantities (or with stronger strains), the effects may feel similar to LSD or mushrooms. Users will also experience nausea, mild hallucinations, anxiety, or paranoia. Cannabis tends to cause an increase in heart rate, reddening of the eyes, and dryness in the mouth. A heightened appreciation of sensory experiences, perceptual distortions, feelings of disassociation and elevation of mood can also occur.
Marijuana Description: Cannabis, or marijuana, comes from a plant. The dried buds of the female plant contain the highest concentration of psychoactive compounds. These buds are usually what is sold and consumed as marijuana. Cannabis normally costs about $10-$20 a gram.
Marijuana Street Use: Smoked
Marijuana Dependency: Tolerance can develop with high usage.
Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms: Marijuana withdrawal symptoms include but are not limited to:
- Physical tension
- Decreases in appetite and mood.
Symptoms of marijuana addiction withdrawal first appear in chronic drug users within 24 hours. Marijuana drug abuse withdrawal is most pronounced for the first 10 days and can last up to 28 days.
Marijuana Legal Status: As of October 2018, the legal status for Cannabis use and cultivation has changed.
WHO USES MARIJUANA?
Marijuana is a drug that has been very popular for a long time all over the world. It is the most frequently used illicit drug in Canada. Nearly half (44%) of Canadians admit they have used marijuana at least once in their lifetime. Many reported regular use of this drug, which is a sign of marijuana addiction. According to a survey done in 2004, 44.5 percent of the whole population said that they had tried marijuana at least once in their lives. More than 18 percent of those admitted to using cannabis every single day, which is a high percentage and shows marijuana to be very addictive.
In 2004, a survey done in the Northwest Territories showed that the rates of cannabis used in the preceding year were higher than in other provinces in Canada. In the age bracket of 15 and 24, almost 47 percent of them reported using cannabis in the last year. A little over 39 percent were struggling with marijuana addiction, using it daily or weekly. In a 2005 survey done in Ontario, mostly Toronto, 26.5 percent of the students from Grade 7 to Grade 12 said to have used marijuana in the last year. And in those, 15 percent admitted using marijuana regularly and so developing an addiction for it. By the time they have reached Grade 12, almost 46 percent of Ontario students have used marijuana in the past year.
By 2004, in Quebec alone, almost half of the population had touched marijuana once in their lives. There were 7.2 percent more people that abused marijuana compared to a decade ago. Marijuana addiction is a real problem in Quebec. Montreal and Quebec City are two of the biggest cities in the province which are significantly touched by marijuana addiction. In 2002, many were hospitalized due to its side effects, more often males than females.
In Nova Scotia during the year 2003, over 14 percent of the population stated that they had used marijuana at least once in their lives. Among those, over 43 percent developed marijuana addiction and use it regularly. In the province of Alberta, there was 48.7 percent of the population that had tried marijuana. Within those, there was over 18 percent that had developed marijuana addiction.
INFORMATION ON MARIJUANA DETOX IN CANADA
The drug THC can have many effects on the brain that can cause different withdrawal symptoms during detox. When marijuana is smoked, THC rapidly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream. The THC acts on specific areas of the brain starting a series of cellular reactions that lead to the high. The highest density of these receptors that receive the THC is directly responsible for pleasure, memory, thoughts, concentration, sensory and time perception, and coordinated movement. This is why heavy smokers during their detox period will experience brief moments of memory lapse and will have a difficult time at first organizing their thoughts. Although marijuana is not the most problematic drug, there are still some people who will need to go through a marijuana detox in order to quit the drug.
ADVERSE SIDE EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA
Long term abuse of marijuana will lead to an addiction that can become very compulsive. When long term users try to smoke marijuana, they have said to experience the following symptoms:
- Decreased appetite
- Drug cravings
These symptoms can take effect within one day after the person has stopped using the drug. The symptoms can peak at about two to three days and then start to dissipate within the following days. All of this is, of course, depending on the amount the person is using, frequency, and length of use. This is why it is important to get to a marijuana detox center if one is addicted to the drug.
There are many different forms of treatment for marijuana addiction. One can go to drug rehab or a detoxification facility. During the withdrawal period, medications are not normally administered. There have been reports of some medications being developed to help ease the withdrawal symptoms, but nothing is available yet on the market.
Like most addictive drugs, marijuana can and will cause some withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification. These symptoms are typically psychological manifestations and normally do not pose immediate health risks. However, the long-term use of marijuana, like any drug will cause health complications, and will also increase the intensity of withdrawal, making it that much more difficult to stop the drug altogether.
Drug rehab, drug treatment, and marijuana detox centers will handle a large majority of marijuana users on any given basis. Most drug users will use marijuana to help alleviate withdrawal symptoms from other drugs.
Withdrawal symptoms will occur typically immediately after its use has stopped. The duration of the marijuana withdrawal symptoms is depending on the amount used and frequency of use.
Marijuana withdrawal symptoms include:
- Excessive sweating
- Loss of appetite
The most common withdrawal symptom of marijuana during detoxification is anxiety because the drug will increase the production in the dopamine and serotonin receptors. When marijuana is stopped it will cause a drastic drop in these two hormones, causing anxiety.
Most marijuana users do not complain of life-threatening withdrawal symptoms. It is primarily the anxiety and the irritability that most users will suffer from. Most if not all the drug rehab programs and detox centers available can handle a marijuana withdrawal.
It is believed that cannabis drug useâ€”particularly if heavy and regularâ€”may be related to a condition known as a drug-induced psychosis, or “cannabis psychosis.” This can last up to a few days or more. The episodes are frequently characterized by hallucinations, delusions, memory loss and confusion.
Marijuana is the most used illicit substance in the United States. Almost 69 million Americans over 12 years old have tried marijuana at least once. Cannabis is California’s largest cash crop. Today’s marijuana is 10 to 15 times stronger than it was in the 60s. Reaction time for motor skills, such as driving is decreased by 41% after smoking one joint and by 63% after smoking 2 joints.
There have been more than 7,000 published scientific and medical reports documenting the damage that marijuana addiction poses. Not one study has shown cannabis to be safe.
The information has shown that individuals high on marijuana show the same lack of coordination on standard “drunk driver” tests as do people who have had too many drinks.
The daily use of one to three cannabis joints may produce the same lung damage and potential cancer risk as smoking five times as many cigarettes.
Marijuana is the second most common substance, after alcohol, present in the bloodstream of non-fatally and fatally injured individuals.
Among teens 12 to 17, the average age of initiation to cannabis was 14 years old.
A yearly study with students in grades 8 to 12 indicates that 23% of 8th graders have tried marijuana at least once and by tenth grade, 21% are addicted to it. Among 12th graders, almost 50% have used marijuana at least once, and about 24% were marijuana addicted. Cannabis is a complex material containing 421 chemicals, 60 of which are only present in marijuana.
3 out of 4 drug-related criminal charges are associated with marijuana.
65% of people arrested for marijuana-related crimes are for simple possession.
About 50,000 Canadians are arrested each year for cannabis-related crimes.
600,000 Canadians have a criminal record for simple possession of marijuana.
Estimates put the value of the cannabis industry to the British Columbia economy somewhere between $2 billion and $10 billion, making it one of British Colombia’s top three industries.
It has been said that commercial hashish is frequently no more potent than high-quality seedless marijuana. Nonetheless, carefully cultivated and screened hashish is up to three times as potent as the highest quality herb.
Humans have been using cannabis since prehistory, although in the 20th century, there was an increase in its use for recreational, religious or spiritual, and medicinal purposes. It is approximated that Cannabis is now commonly used by four percent of the world’s adult population, with estimates of up to 20% or greater of the adult population in the United States have tried the drug, and 10-30% or greater using the herb in many European countries.
The possession, use, or sale of psychoactive cannabis products became illicit in most regions of the world in the early 20th century. Since then, certain nations have intensified the enforcement of Cannabis prohibition while others have reduced the priority of enforcement, almost to the point of legalization, as is the case in The Netherlands. The cultivation of Cannabis for drug use remains illicit throughout most of the world through the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, while simple possession of small quantities is either legal, or treated as an addiction rather than a criminal offense in a few countries. The laws in the United States change from state to state, some having decriminalized the possession of small quantities of marijuana, although it is still a federal crime.
Works Cited 12 August 2009: